Junctions: Emerging From T-Junctions

give-way

There are two types of T-Junction, which are marked with either a Give-Way Sign or a Stop Sign. At a Give-Way junction you can continue to emerge out of the junction if it is clear to do so. However, at a Stop junction you MUST stop at the Stop line. Stop junctions tend to be more difficult emerges, maybe the road you are entering is a higher speed road or the visibility isn´t that great. On a driving test an examiner will automatically fail you if you do NOT apply your handbrake at a Stop sign also to emphasise its importance.

stop

T-Junctions are also classified as to their zone of vision and are labelled Open Junctions or Closed Junctions. Open Junctions are junctions where you can see the main road well in advance of the junction itself, maybe it is in an area of wasteland or a park for example. A Closed Junction is where you have limited vision on approach to the junction due to parked cars or the width of the road and the angle of the turn.

Emerging left – Open junction

To turn from a major road into a minor road on the left safely and under control you need to use the MSPSL routine

eme-left-open

Mirrors Check the centre and the left wing mirror
Signal Give a left signal using the direction indicator
Position Position the car 1m from the kerb and keep on the left hand side of the road throughout the turn. Try not to mount the kerb or turn too wide
Speed Reduce the speed down to 10mph and change the gear down to 2nd gear
Look Look right and left several times to check it is safe to emerge. Check also for parked cars, obstructions, pedestrians etc.

Once you have turned then check your mirrors once more to assess the situation in the new road and ensure that your signal has been cancelled.

Emerging left – Closed junction

To emerge left from a minor road into a major road safely and under control you need to use the MSPSL routine

eme-left-closed

Mirrors Check the centre and the left wing mirror
Signal Give a left signal using the direction indicator
Position Position the car 1m from the kerb and follow the kerb line to ensure a good position on the new road. Due to the visibility being poor you may need to edge out of the junction and in essence move the give way line in-line with the parked cars or other obstruction to allow you to see better. Try not to mount the kerb or turn too wide the road may be quite narrow
Speed Reduce the speed down to less than 10mph and change the gear down to 1st gear on approach. Use the peep and creep method to edge out of the junction
Look Look right and left several times to check it is safe to emerge.

Once you have turned then check your mirrors once more to assess the situation in the new road and ensure that your signal has been cancelled.

Emerging right – Open junction

To emerge right from a minor road into a major road safely and under control you need to use the MSPSL routine

eme-right-open

Mirrors Check the centre and the right wing mirror
Signal Give a right signal using the direction indicator
Position Position the car just left of the centre line and follow the line to the end of the road to ensure a good position on the new road. Be careful not to cross the centre line and ensure you position behind the give way line if stopping
Speed Reduce the speed down to 10mph and change the gear down to 2nd gear on approach. If you need to stop then change to 1st gear
Look Look right and left several times to check it is safe to emerge. Check also for parked cars, obstructions, pedestrians etc.

Once you have turned then check your mirrors once more to assess the situation in the new road and ensure that your signal has been cancelled.

Emerging right – Closed junction
To emerge right from a minor road into a major road safely and under control you need to use the MSPSL routineeme-right-closed

Mirrors Check the centre and the right wing mirror
Signal Give a right signal using the direction indicator
Position Position the car just left of the centre line and follow the line to the end of the road to ensure a good position on the new road. Be careful not to cross the centre line and ensure you position behind the give way line if stopping. Due to the visibility being poor you may need to edge out of the junction and in essence move the give way line in-line with the parked cars or other obstruction to allow you to see better
Speed Reduce the speed down to less than 10mph and change the gear down to 1st gear on approach. Use the peep and creep method to edge out of the junction.
Look Look right and left several times to check it is safe to emerge. Check also for parked cars, obstructions, pedestrians etc.

Once you have turned then check your mirrors once more to assess the situation in the new road and ensure that your signal has been cancelled.

Zone of vision

zone-of-vision

zone-of-vision1

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